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THE HISTORY OF GOJU KARATE

 

-FROM CHINA TO WESTCHESTER, NEW YORK, USA-

 

THE "HARD AND SOFT" SYSTEM TRACES ITS ORIGIN TO THE EXTERNAL SHOA (CHI-CHI) STYLE AND THE INTERNAL PA KUA CHANG SYSTEMS OF CHINA. THE GREAT KARATE MASTER, KANRYO HIGASHIONNA SAILED FROM OKINAWA TO CHINA TO LEARN THESE SYSTEMS OF INSTRUCTION. WITH OVER TWENTY YEARS OF TRAINING HE RETURNED TO OKINAWA AND INTRODUCED A NEW SCHOOL OF KARATE THERE.          THE NEW STYLE, CALLED NAHA-TE, INCORPORATED HARD AND SOFT. SLOW AND FAST MOVEMENTS.  IN 1915, MASTER HIGASHIONNA DIED, LEAVING MANY DEVOTED STUDENTS. CHOJUN MIYAGI, HIASHIONNA'S TOP STUDENT, BECAME HIS SUCCESSOR AS HEAD OF NAHA-TE.

 

MIYAGI TRAVELED SEVERAL TIMES TO CHINA AFTER HIGASHIONNA'S DEATH AND REMAINED EACH TIME TO TRAIN IN CHINESE KEMPO. HE FURTHER IMPROVED AND DEVELOPED THE THEORY AND TECHNIQUES OF NAHA-TE AND SCRUTINIZED IT SCIENTIFICALLY FOR MARTIAL ARTS TRAINING IN OKINAWA.

 

IN 1929 CHOJUN MIYAGI WAS INVITED TO JAPAN BY GOGEN YAMAGUCHI, FOUNDER AND CHIEF INSTRUCTOR OF THE RITSUMEI-KAN UNIVERSITY KARATE CLUB. YAMAGUCHI BECAME MIYAGI'S PRINCIPAL DISCIPLE AND LATER THE SUCCESSOR OF THE GOJU SYSTEM IN JAPAN. IN 1950, HE REORGANIZED HIS ORGANIZATION CALLING IT THE KARATE-DO GOJU-KAI.

 

GOJU-KAI WAS INTRODUCED TO THE U.S. IN 1959 BY PETER URBAN,  A STUDENT OF YAMAGUCHI, MAS. OYAMA AND RICHARD KIM. IN 1965, HE RESTRUCTURED HIS ORGANIZATION AND CREATED U.S.A. GOJU (URBAN SYSTEMS OF AMERICA) OR AMERICAN GOJU.  HE COMBINED THE TRADITIONS OF YAMAGUCHI, THE FIGHTING SPIRIT OF OYAMA AND THE PHILOSOPHY OF KIM WITH HIS OWN TECHNIQUE PERSONALITY TO CREATE U.S.A. GOJU.

 

NISEI GOJU-RYU WAS FOUNDED BY GRAND MASTERS FRANK RUIZ AND HARRY ROSENSTEIN IN 1969. NISEI GOJU-RYU MEANS: SECOND GENERATION, THE WAY OF HARD AND SOFT. NISEI IS A SYNTHESIS OF THE EDUCATION, TRAINING AND EXPERIENCES OF THESE YUDANSHAS (BLACK BELTS) AND THE TRADITIONS OF THE GOJU-KAI SYSTEM. THE MAJOR TENET OF NISEI GOJU RYU IS CIRCULAR MOTION. GOJU IS "THE ART OF IN CLOSE FIGHTING."  IT EMPHASIZES MULTIPLE HAND TECHNIQUES.

 

THE TWO FOUNDERS OF NISEI GOJU ARE BOTH STUDENTS OF PETER URBAN. KYOSHI SENSEI EARL MONROE, A DIRECT STUDENT OF FRANK RUIZ, WAS THE CHIEF INSTRUCTOR OF THE WESTCHESTER CHAPTER OF NISEI GOJU.  HANSHI R.A. FITZPATRICK IS A DIRECT STUDENT OF PETER URBAN FRANK RUIZ AND EARL MONROE.

 

 

Rounded Rectangle: Raymond A Fitpatrick Bio
Rounded Rectangle: The History of Goju Karate
Rounded Rectangle: Mokuroku